History of Britain

16th Century AD


Date

Event

Ongoing Events

Councilor Meerlinda of Clan Tremere, working though Dr John Dee, encourages British exploration of the New World.

1503

James IV of Scotland marries Margret Tutor the daughter of Henry VII of England.

1509

Henry VIII of England is crowned, he marries Katherine of Aragon

1513

Battle of the Spurs. James IV of Scotland invades England to help it's ally, France. James IV is killed and James V of Scotland is crowned.

1516

Sir Thomas More writes "Utopia".

1528

Vlad Tepes joins the Sabbat

1529

Hampton Court given by Cardinal Wolsey to Henry VIII; it becomes a favorite royal residence

1533

Henry VIII marries Anne Bolyen and divorces Katherine of Aragon

1534

The Act of Supremacy seperates the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church.

1536

Anne Bolyen executed, and King Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour.

1537

Jane Seymour dies.

1540

Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves (whom he divorces) and then Catherine Howard.

1542

Henry VIII has Catherine Howard executed. Fighting breaks out between England and Scotland. James V of Scotland dies. Week old Mary Stuart is crowned Mary Queen of Scots.

1543

Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr.

1547

Edward VI of England is crowned.

1553

Mary of England is crowned, and she prosecutes Protestants.

1554

The future Queen Elizabeth is imprisoned by her half sister, Queen Mary, on charges of participating in Wyatts rebellion. (She is later released, for professing to be Catholic, when she is really Protestant.)

1557

France wins back the last of the England's possessions in France.

1558

Elizabeth I of England, is crowned, and under her reign Jesuit Priests and Catholics are prosecuted. Mary Queen of Scots marries Francis II of France.

1559

Henry II of France makes peace with England and Spain by the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis.

1560

A new system of coinage replaces the old silver system in England.

1561

Mary Queen of Scots returns from France to Scotland.

1564

Shakespeare is born. Christopher Marlowe is born.

1565

Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin Lord Darnley and is forced to quiet revolts by protestants who had hoped she'd marry a protestant.

1567

Mary Queen of Scots husband Darnley is killed. Scottish nobels revolt against Mary and she is forced to abdicate, handing the throne over to her son, James VI of Scotland.

1568

Mary Queen of Scots attempts to reclaim her throne, but fails. She seeks refuge in the English court, but is taken prisoner by Queen Elizabeth.  Royal Exhange founded in London.

1577

Sir Francis Drake sets out around the world.

1578

William Harvey, an English physician who would discover the circulation of the blood is born.

1586

Spain launches the Spanish Armada, a fleet of ships, to invade England.

1587

Mary Queen of Scots is executed by order of Queen Elizabeth. The English attack the Spanish Armada at Cadiz, delaying it for nearly a year.

1588

Preparations at Tilbury to repel the Spanish Invasion; The English defeat the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines. The battle helped promote nationalism in England and helped secure Protestantism as the state religion.

1597

Hugh O'Neill led the Irish cheiftains in an unsuccessful attack against the English (until 1603).

1599

Shakespeare's Globe Theatre built on the South Bank


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